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Risk Phrases

                                        Indication of Particular Risks

R1:Explosive when dry

2:Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition

3:Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition

4:Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds

5:Heating may cause an explosion

6:Explosive with or without contact with air

7:May cause fire

8:Contact with combustible material may cause fire

9:Explosive when mixed with combustible material

10:Flammable

11:Highly Flammable

12:Extremely Flammable

14:Reacts violently with water

15:Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases

16:Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances

17:Spontaneously flammable in air

18:In use may form flammable/explosive vapor-air mixture

19:May form explosive peroxides

20:Harmful by inhalation

21:Harmful in contact with skin

22:Harmful if swallowed

23:Toxic by inhalation

24:Toxic in contact with skin

25:Toxic if swallowed

26:Very Toxic by inhalation

27:Very Toxic in contact with skin

28:Very Toxic if swallowed

29:Contact with water liberates toxic gas

30:Can become highly flammable in use

31:Contact with acids liberates toxic gas

32:Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas

33:Danger of cumulative effects

34:Causes burns

35:Causes severe burns

36:Irritating to the eyes

37:Irritating to the respiratory system

38:Irritating to the skin

39:Danger of very serious irreversible effects

40:Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect

41:Risk of serious damage to eyes

42:May cause sensitization by inhalation

43:May cause sensitization by skin contact

44:Risk of explosion if heated under confinement

45:May cause cancer

46:May cause heritable genetic damage

48:Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure

49:May cause cancer by inhalation

50:Very Toxic to aquatic organisms

51:Toxic to aquatic organisms

52:Harmful to aquatic organisms

53:May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

54:Toxic to flora

55:Toxic to fauna

56:Toxic to soil organisms

57:Toxic to bees

58:May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment

59:Dangerous for the ozone layer

60:May impair fertility

61:May cause harm to the unborn child

62:Possible risk of impaired fertility

63:Possible risk of harm to the unborn child

64:May cause harm to breast-fed babies

65:Harmful: May cause lung damage if swallowed

66:Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking

67:Vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness

68:Possible risk of irreversible effects

                                  Combination of Particular Risks

14/15:Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases

15/29:Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gas

20/21:Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin

20/21/22:Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

20/22:Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed

21/22:Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed

23/24:Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin

23/24/25:Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

23/25:Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed

24/25:Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed

26/27:Very Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin

26/27/28:Very Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

26/28:Very Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed

27/28:Very Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed

36/37:Irritating to eyes and respiratory system

36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin

36/38:Irritating to eyes and skin

37/38:Irritating to respiratory system and skin

39/23:Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation

39/23/24:Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation in contact with skin

39/23/24/25:Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

39/23/25:Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed

39/24:Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin

39/24/25:Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed

39/25:Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed

39/26:Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation

39/26/27:Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin

39/26/27/28:Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

39/26/28:Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed

39/27:Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin

39/27/28:Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed

39/28:Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed

42/43:May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact

48/20:Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation

48/20/21:Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin

48/20/21/22:Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, and in contact with skin and if swallowed

48/20/22:Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed

48/21:Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin

48/21/22:Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed

48/22:Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed

48/23:Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation

48/23/24:Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin

48/23/24/25:Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

48/23/25:Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed

48/24:Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin

48/24/25:Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed

48/25:Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed

50/53:Very Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

51/53:Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

52/53:Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

68/20:Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation

68/20/21:Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin

68/20/21/22:Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

68/20/22:Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed

68/22:Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed

68/21:Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin

68/21/22:Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed

68/22:Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed